Look for the similarities and differences, and make notes. How will this affect your essay? Think about whether you've been surprised by the information you've found. Put together your thesis. Are your two topics similar, or more different than you thought? Are they similar in a surprising way?
Use your research to come up with a good statement. Write an essay outline. Use the structure above to write your own outline. Pencil in all the main points you need to include. This way you can't forget anything.
Write your essay. Use the structure you created to write your essay proper. Give yourself enough time to do this, or your writing will appear rushed. Proofread and edit. Make sure you don't skip this step, as presentation of your essay is important, too. Compare and Contrast Essay Topics As the name implies, your topics will be two ideas or theories that can be compared. Compare and Contrast Essay Examples Here are some examples of compare and contrast essays that you can try writing: American football and rugby Pablo Picasso and Vincent Van Gogh Rehabilitation and incarceration Undergraduate and graduate studies Give them a try, and hone your essay writing skills.
Take it to the next level! Outline your body paragraphs based on subject-to-subject comparison. Let's say you're working with the following statement: "When deciding between whether to go camping in the woods or spend a day at the beach, one should consider the following points: the weather, the types of activities each location offers, and the facilities at each location. This method of organization can be unwieldy, so if you choose it, be sure not to let your paragraphs become page-long lists of points about each subject.
A subject-to-subject body paragraph outline could look like this:  X Trustworthy Source University of North Carolina Writing Center UNC's on-campus and online instructional service that provides assistance to students, faculty, and others during the writing process Go to source Introduction: state your intent to discuss the differences between camping in the woods or on the beach. Outline your body paragraphs based on point-by-point comparison. This is the more common method used in the comparison and contrast essay.
For example, in this case, you could write one paragraph describing the weather in both the woods and the beach, one paragraph describing the activities in each location, and a third describing the facilities in both. Here's how the essay could look:  X Trustworthy Source Read Write Think Online collection of reading and writing resources for teachers and students. Woods Beach Body Paragraph 2: Discuss second difference between woods and beaches: types of activities.
Woods Beach Body Paragraph 3: Discuss third difference between woods and beaches: available facilities. Woods Beach Conclusion. Outline your body paragraphs based on compare then contrast. This type of organization works best for when you want to emphasize the contrasts between your subjects.
First, you discuss how your subjects are similar. Organize your individual body paragraphs. Once you've chosen an organizational method for your body paragraphs, you'll need to have an internal organization for the body paragraphs themselves. Each of your body paragraphs will need to have the three following elements: Topic sentence: This sentence introduces the main idea and subject of the paragraph.
It can also provide a transition from the ideas in the previous paragraph. Body: These sentences provide concrete evidence that support the topic sentence and main idea. Conclusion: this sentence wraps up the ideas in the paragraph. Part 3 of Use your brainstorming ideas to fill in your outline.
Look at the lists and diagrams you generated to help you find the evidence for your comparisons and contrasts. If you are having trouble finding evidence to support your argument, go back to your original texts and try the brainstorming process again. It could be that your argument is evolving past where it started, which is good! You just need to go back and look for further evidence. For example, in a body paragraph about the quality of ingredients in frozen vs. It can also let you express your imagination.
Pineapple and peanut butter pizza? Go for it! Pickles and parmesan? Do it! Using your own ingredients lets you have fun with your food. Come up with a title. Depending on your audience and the situation, you may make a joke or a pun, ask a question, or provide a summary of your main point.
Take a break. One of the most common mistakes student writers make is to not give themselves enough time to take a step back from their essays for a day or two. Start early so that you can let your finished draft sit for a day, or at least a few hours. Then, come back to it with fresh eyes.
Reading your essay aloud can also help you find problem spots. Review your essay. Look out for any grammatical errors, confusing phrasing, and repetitive ideas. Look for a balance in your paper: you should provide about the same amount of information about each topic to avoid bias. Here are some things to consider before you turn in your paper: Avoid bias. Don't use overly negative or defamatory language to show why a subject is unfavorable; use solid evidence to prove your points instead.
Avoid first-person pronouns unless told otherwise. Spelling and punctuation errors happen to everyone, but not catching them can make you seem lazy. Part 4 of Write a body paragraph for a point-by-point compare and contrast essay. Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses point-by-point comparison: "When one is deciding whether to go to the beach or the woods, the type of activities that each location offers are an important point to consider. At the beach, one can enjoy the water by swimming, surfing, or even building a sandcastle with a moat that will fill with water.
When one is in the woods, one may be able to go fishing or swimming in a nearby lake, or one may not be near water at all. At the beach, one can keep one's kids entertained by burying them in sand or kicking around a soccer ball; if one is in the woods, one can entertain one's kids by showing them different plans or animals. Both the beach and the woods offer a variety of activities for adults and kids alike.
Write a body paragraph for a subject-by-subject compare and contrast essay. Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses subject-by-subject comparison: "The beach has a wonderful climate, many activities, and great facilities for any visitor's everyday use. If a person goes to the beach during the right day or time of year, he or she can enjoy warm, yet refreshing water, a cool breeze, and a relatively hot climate.
At the beach, one can go swimming, sunbathe, or build sandcastles. There are also great facilities at the beach, such as a changing room, umbrellas, and conveniently-located restaurants and changing facilities. The climate, activities, and facilities are important points to consider when deciding between the beach and the woods. Support wikiHow and unlock all samples. Start out by naming both of the things you are comparing.
For example, with apples and oranges, start out by saying, "Apples and oranges have many differences. Not Helpful 17 Helpful Start with a hook to draw your reader into the essay. Introduce your topic with a few sentences that explain what you'll be writing about and end with a sentence that helps you transition into the first body paragraph.
Not Helpful 13 Helpful To conclude an essay, you might summarize your argument. Then you'll want to show your reader why your paper is significant and finally, leave them with something new to think about. Not Helpful 33 Helpful Some connectors could start with, "Although," "Even though," "While these are the differences Not Helpful 11 Helpful You may quote the text itself.
Ask your teacher how she prefers you annotate it. Not Helpful 26 Helpful You can read books, as books increase your comprehension skills and your vocabulary. You can also try to engage in conversations with your teachers and peers to increase your vocabulary and discussion skills. You can say this, "My brother has many traits. He is kind, caring, etc. Not Helpful 32 Helpful It depends on the assignment and the specifications that your teacher gave you.
Not Helpful 21 Helpful When comparing poems, you should look into things particular to poems: figurative language, linguistic devices, rhyme, meter, themes and tone and mood. Compare and contrast all of these and see if any interesting similarities or differences pop up. If it is relevant to your arguments, you could also give some context regarding to the writers of the poems. Not Helpful 16 Helpful You should choose something you like to do.
For example, if you like to shoot, you could compare trap shooting vs. If you like to sew, you could compare two different brands of sewing machines, and if you like to play basketball, compare the rules between girls' and boys' basketball.
Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Collect your sources. Mark page numbers in books, authors, titles, dates, or other applicable information. This will help you cite your sources later on in the writing process. Helpful 0 Not Helpful 1. Don't rush through your writing. If you have a deadline, start early. If you rush, the writing won't not be as good as it could be.
Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0. Use reputable sources. While Wikipedia may be an easy way to start off, try to go to more specific websites afterwards. Many schools refuse to accept Wikipedia as a valid source of information, and prefer sources with more expertise and credibility. Submit a Tip All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. If you have external sources, make sure you always cite them. Otherwise, you may be guilty of plagiarism.
Given that compare-and-contrast essays analyze the relationship between two subjects, it is helpful to have some phrases on hand that will cue the reader to such analysis. See Table Create an outline for each of the items you chose in Note Use the point-by-point organizing strategy for one of them, and use the subject organizing strategy for the other.
First choose whether you want to compare seemingly disparate subjects, contrast seemingly similar subjects, or compare and contrast subjects. Once you have decided on a topic, introduce it with an engaging opening paragraph. Your thesis should come at the end of the introduction, and it should establish the subjects you will compare, contrast, or both as well as state what can be learned from doing so. The body of the essay can be organized in one of two ways: by subject or by individual points.
The organizing strategy that you choose will depend on, as always, your audience and your purpose. You may also consider your particular approach to the subjects as well as the nature of the subjects themselves; some subjects might better lend themselves to one structure or the other.
Make sure to use comparison and contrast phrases to cue the reader to the ways in which you are analyzing the relationship between the subjects. After you finish analyzing the subjects, write a conclusion that summarizes the main points of the essay and reinforces your thesis.
Many business presentations are conducted using comparison and contrast. The organizing strategies—by subject or individual points—could also be used for organizing a presentation. Keep this in mind as a way of organizing your content the next time you or a colleague have to present something at work.
Choose one of the outlines you created in Note Be sure to include an engaging introduction, a clear thesis, well-defined and detailed paragraphs, and a fitting conclusion that ties everything together. Skip to content Learning Objectives Determine the purpose and structure of comparison and contrast in writing. Explain organizational methods used when comparing and contrasting. Understand how to write a compare-and-contrast essay. The Purpose of Comparison and Contrast in Writing Comparison in writing discusses elements that are similar, while contrast in writing discusses elements that are different.
Writing at Work Comparing and contrasting is also an evaluative tool. Exercise 1 Brainstorm an essay that leans toward contrast. Romantic comedies Internet search engines Cell phones. Exercise 2 Brainstorm an essay that leans toward comparison. Department stores and discount retail stores Fast food chains and fine dining restaurants Dogs and cats.
The Structure of a Comparison and Contrast Essay The compare-and-contrast essay starts with a thesis that clearly states the two subjects that are to be compared, contrasted, or both and the reason for doing so. Figure Table Exercise 3 Create an outline for each of the items you chose in Note Writing a Comparison and Contrast Essay First choose whether you want to compare seemingly disparate subjects, contrast seemingly similar subjects, or compare and contrast subjects.
Writing at Work Many business presentations are conducted using comparison and contrast. Exercise 4 Choose one of the outlines you created in Note Key Takeaways A compare-and-contrast essay analyzes two subjects by either comparing them, contrasting them, or both. The purpose of writing a comparison or contrast essay is not to state the obvious but rather to illuminate subtle differences or unexpected similarities between two subjects.
The thesis should clearly state the subjects that are to be compared, contrasted, or both, and it should state what is to be learned from doing so. There are two main organizing strategies for compare-and-contrast essays. Simply create two overlapping circles, one for each of the topics that you are comparing. Traits that differ are noted separately, within those that they share are written in the overlapping space.
This is a helpful visual aid, because it organizes similarities and differences clearly. All you have to do is glance at your Venn diagram to get a sense of the things that you could write about. If you prefer to focus on one subject at a time, jot your lists down on a blank sheet of paper and flip it over to the other side for the other subject. Remember to keep characteristics of the different subjects somewhat parallel. This will make it easier to structure a good argument.
A good compare-and-contrast essay goes beyond a simple listing of similarities and differences to make a meaningful statement about a larger topic. What do these similarities and differences say about the topic? That will be your main argument. There are many possibilities for structuring a compare-and-contrast essay. You could write about one subject in detail, and then switch to the other.
You could write two paragraphs about qualities that are common to women they tend to be more compassionate, they are good multitaskers along with some that they share with men they are capable of sacrificing self for the good of others. Then you would focus on men in the next section. Men usually have superior physical strength and technical skills. You can also go point by point throughout the essay. Craft an outline that fits the structure you have chosen.
Traditionally, an essay consists of an introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Consider including four body paragraphs instead to give balance to your two subjects. As you begin to write your essay, back up your assertions with evidence from research, reading, or personal experience.
If you are comparing and contrasting cats and dogs, use personal anecdotes about friends and their pets to bolster your arguments. With any information that you include, be sure to explain why it matters in the context of your larger argument. Transitional words give your essay a nice flow from one statement to the next.
Once you have finished, read your essay several times to check spelling, grammar, and punctuation.
Oranges have thick peel, originally from India, and are tropical fruit. These characteristics pertain only to oranges and should be in the part of the circle that does not overlap. For the same section on apples, we put thin peel, originated in Turkey or Kazakhstan, and moderate to subtropical.
This simple, yet good example illustrates how the same concept can be applied to many other complicated topics with additional points of comparison and contrast. This format of visual aid helps to organize similarities and differences and make them easier to perceive. Your diagram will give you a clear idea of the things you can write about. Another good idea for brainstorming in preparation for your comparison contrast essay is to create a list with 2 columns, one for each subject, and compare the same characteristics for each of them simultaneously.
This format will make writing your comparison contrast paper argument a breeze, as you will have your ideas ready and organized. One mistake you should avoid is simply listing all of the differences or similarities for each subject. Sometimes students get too caught up in looking for similarities and differences that their compare and contrast essays end up sounding like grocery lists. Your essay should be based on analyzing the similarities and differences, analyzing your conclusions about the two subjects, and finding connections between them—while following a specific format.
Got stuck while writing your paper? Leave it to professionals of our custom dissertation writing service. Compare and contrast papers rely heavily on factual analysis. Two outline methods can help you organize your facts: use the block method, or point-by-point method, to write a compare and contrast essay outline.
While using the block structure , all the information is presented for the first subject, and its characteristics and specific details are explained. This concludes one block. The second block takes the same approach as the first for the second subject. The point-by-point structure lists each similarity and difference simultaneously—making notes of both subjects.
For example, you can list a characteristic specific to one subject, followed by its similarity or difference to the other subject. Both formats have their pros and cons. The block method is clearly easier to write, as you simply point out all of the information about the two subjects, and basically leave it to the reader to do the comparison. The point-by-point format requires you to analyze the points yourself while making similarities and differences more explicit to the reader for them to be easier to understand.
Here is a detailed structure of each type presented below. Giving a lot of facts can be intense. To water it down, try to give the reader any real-life applications of these facts. Depending on the structure selected, you can begin to create an outline for your essay. The typical structure for any essay follows the format of having an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion — though, if you need to focus on each subject in more detailed ways, feel free to include an extra paragraph to cover all of the most important points.
To make your compare and contrast essay flow better, we recommend using special transition words and phrases. They will add variety and improve your paper overall. For the section where you compare two subjects, you can include any of the following words: similarly, likewise, also, both, just like, similar to, the same as, alike, or to compare to. When contrasting two subjects, use: in contrast, in comparison, by comparison, on the other hand, while, whereas, but, to differ from, dissimilar to, or unlike.
Arguments for any essay, including compare and contrast essays, need to be supported by sufficient evidence. Make good use of your personal experiences, books, scholarly articles, magazine and newspaper articles, movies, or anything that will make your argument sound credible. For example, in your essay, if you were to compare attending college on campus vs.
You could also talk about your experience taking online classes, which makes your argument about online classes credible as well. The biggest tip we can give you is to have the right attitude when writing a compare and contrast essay, and actively engage the reader in the discussion.
If you find it interesting, so will your reader! Here are some more compare and contrast essay tips that will help you to polish yours up:. Still feeling confused about the complexities of the compare and contrast essay? Feel free to contact our " write my essay " service to get a professional writing help. Click here to see how our academic service helps college students all around the world with various types of assignments! We have tested thousands of candidates to present you with the best writers available.
Click here to meet them! Learn the simple process of getting yourself a well-written custom essay! Visit EssayPro for a step-by-step guide! Our Team How to Order. Log In Sign Up. Looking to steal a topic from us? Here are great compare and contrast essay topics for your help. Proceed To Order. Topic 1 - Motorcycles Argument: Motorcycles are smaller and more comfortable to store. Argument: Motorcycles are easy to learn and use.
Topic 2 - Cars Argument: Cars are a big deal—they are like a second home. Argument: It takes time to learn to become a good driver. Argument: Fewer parts that are more accessible to fix. Topic 2 - Cars Argument: Parts and service are expensive if something breaks. Argument: Cars need more gas than motorcycles. Topic sentence: Cars are a better option for bigger cities with wider roads. Topic 1 - Motorcycles Argument: Riding motorcycles in a big city is more dangerous than with cars.
Argument: Motorcycles work great in a city like Rome, where all the streets are narrow. Topic 2 - Cars Argument: Big cities are easier and more comfortable to navigate by car. Argument: With a car, traveling outside of the city is much easier. Need a Compare and Contrast Essay Written? Give us your requirements and get your paper on time.
Topic Sentence: Motorcycles are cheaper and easier to take care of than cars. Aspect 1 - Lifestyle Argument: Motorcycles are smaller and more comfortable to store. Dog commercialization. The body paragraphs dedicated to the second subject should be organized in the same method as the first body paragraphs, for example:. Cat history. Cat personalities. Cat commercialization.
The benefit of this format is that it allows the writer to concentrate on one characteristic at a time. The drawback of this format is that there may be some imbalance in treating the subjects to the same rigor of comparing or contrasting. The conclusion is in the final paragraph, the student should provide a general summary of the most important similarities and differences. The student could end with a personal statement, a prediction, or another snappy clincher. Just as in the block paragraph essay format, students should begin the point by point format by catching the reader's interest.
This might be a reason people find the topic interesting or important, or it might be a statement about something the two subjects have in common. The thesis statement for this format must also include the two topics that will be compared and contrasted.
Here the characteristics labeled A, B, and C are used to compare dogs vs. Dog history A Cat history. Dog personalities B. Dog commercialization C. This format does help students to concentrate on the characteristic s which may be may result in a more equitable comparison or contrast of the subjects within each body paragraph s. Regardless of the format of the essay, block or point-by-point, the student must use transition words or phrases to compare or contrast one subject to another.
This will help the essay sound connected and not sound disjointed. Transitions in the essay for comparison can include:. Transitions for contrasts can include:. In the final concluding paragraph, the student should give a general summary of the most important similarities and differences. The student could also end with a personal statement, a prediction, or another snappy clincher.
The text structure of compare and contrast is so critical to literacy that it is referenced in several of the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards in both reading and writing for K grade levels. For example, the reading standards ask students to participate in comparing and contrasting as a text structure in the anchor standard R. The reading standards are then referenced in the grade level writing standards, for example, as in W7.
Use the structure above to surprised by the information you've. Use the structure you created your browsing experience. For example, the most typical. Give yourself enough time to Policy before proceeding. Are your two topics similar. It is unnecessary to provide do this, or your writing will appear rushed. However, in most of the comparative essay format templates from paragraphs to group the ideas but just go deep into filling it out with your. This means you cannot set not your first academic paper, a few lines, which will as a Lego constructor and. Obviously, you have to write way you want to funny type of relation between the. In some cases, you can title and thesis is a.Begin by Brainstorming With a Venn Diagram. Develop a Thesis Statement. Create an Outline.