The 'situation' may be included in the essay prompt, in which case it will not be needed in the main body. If it is needed, it can often be included in the introduction, especially for short essays, as with the example essay below. The 'evaluation' may be included as part of the conclusion also as in the example below , or omitted altogether, especially for short essays.
For these reasons, problem-solution essays are more common than situation-problem-solution-evaluation essays or SPSE essays. There are two main ways to structure a problem-solution essay. These are similar to the ways to structure cause and effect essays , namely using a block or a chain structure.
For the block structure, all of the problems are listed first, and all of the solutions are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each problem is followed immediately by the solution to that problem. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any solutions you present relate directly to the problems you have given. The two types of structure, block and chain , are shown in the diagram below.
This is for a short essay, which includes the 'situation' in the introduction and 'evaluation' in the conclusion. A longer essay, for example one of around 1, words, with citations , would probably have these two sections as separate paragraphs in the main body. Below is a problem-solution essay on the topic of obesity and poor fitness. It uses the block structure. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.
Situation, Problem, Solution, Evaluation. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also for problems and solutions the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the problems and solutions contained in the main body. Consumption of processed and convenience foods and our dependence on the car have led to an increase in obesity and reduction in the fitness level of the adult population. In some countries, especially industrialized ones, the number of obese people can amount to one third of the population.
This is significant as obesity and poor fitness lead to a decrease in life expectancy , and it is therefore important for individuals and governments to work together to tackle this issue and improve their citizens' diet and fitness. Obesity and poor fitness decrease life expectancy. Overweight people are more likely to have serious illnesses such as diabetes and heart disease, which can result in premature death.
It is well known that regular exercise can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, which means that those with poor fitness levels are at an increased risk of suffering from those problems. Changes by individuals to their diet and their physical activity can increase life expectancy.
There is a reliance today on the consumption of processed foods, which have a high fat and sugar content. By preparing their own foods, and consuming more fruit and vegetables, people could ensure that their diets are healthier and more balanced, which could lead to a reduction in obesity levels.
In order to improve fitness levels, people could choose to walk or cycle to work or to the shops rather than taking the car. They could also choose to walk up stairs instead of taking the lift. These simple changes could lead to a significant improvement in fitness levels.
Governments could also implement initiatives to improve their citizens' eating and exercise habits. This could be done through education, for example by adding classes to the curriculum about healthy diet and lifestyles. Governments could also do more to encourage their citizens to walk or cycle instead of taking the car, for instance by building more cycle lanes or increasing vehicle taxes.
While some might argue that increased taxes are a negative way to solve the problem, it is no different from the high taxes imposed on cigarettes to reduce cigarette consumption. In short, obesity and poor fitness are a significant problem in modern life, leading to lower life expectancy.
Individuals and governments can work together to tackle this problem and so improve diet and fitness. Of the solutions suggested, those made by individuals themselves are likely to have more impact, though it is clear that a concerted effort with the government is essential for success. With obesity levels in industrialized and industrializing countries continuing to rise, it is essential that we take action now to deal with this problem. Like the website?
Try the books. Enter your email to receive a free sample from Academic Writing Genres. Outline statement:. The main reason for this is that there are too many private cars on the roads these days and a viable solution is to introduce more park-and-ride schemes. Main body paragraph 1 — Too many cars on the roads. Main body paragraph 2 — Park-and-ride schemes. The topic sentence summarises the main idea of the paragraph. It plays an important role in ensuring that your ideas flow logically from one to another.
It does this by acting as a signpost for what is to come next, that is, what the paragraph will be about. If you maintain a clear development of ideas throughout your essay, you will get high marks for task achievement and cohesion and coherence.
Topic sentence:. The number of people owning cars increases year on year, with most families now having more than one car. Next, we must write an explanation sentence that develops the idea. Explanation sentence:. Most people like the convenience of travelling at the time they want to rather than being restricted to public transport timetables, so they prefer to drive themselves around rather than taking the bus or train.
This is despite the fact that they frequently have to sit in long traffic queues as they near the city centre. Finally, we add an example to support our main point. Alternative, you could add another piece of information to support your idea. Example sentence:. Whenever I have to attend a meeting in the city, I always drive because it means that I can leave home when I want to rather than getting stressed about getting to the station in time to catch the train.
Main idea 2 — Park-and-ride schemes. A solution that is proving successful in many areas is park-and-ride schemes. Now for the explanation sentence where we expand on this idea. This is where you park your car for free in a large car park on the outskirts of the city and take a bus for the final part of your journey. The fee you have to pay for the bus trip is usually very small and this public transport system is generally very regular, running every ten minutes or so.
The conclusion is a summary of the main points in your essay and can generally be done in a single sentence. It should never introduce new ideas. The conclusion is the easiest sentence in the essay to write but one of the most important. Go back and read the introduction to the essay because this is also a summary of the essay. It outlines what you are going to write about.
Here is the same information formed into a conclusion. Go through this lesson as many times as you need to in order to fully understand it and put in lots of practice writing IELTS problem solution essays from past exam questions.
Practice is the only way to improve your skills. All the key information you need to know. How To Write Task 2 Main Body Paragraphs — Learn the simple 3 part structure for writing great main body paragraphs and also, 3 common mistakes to avoid. Also discover 4 common mistakes to avoid. Task 2 Marking Criteria — Find out how to meet the marking criteria in Task 2. Opinion Essays. Discussion Essays.
Problem Solution Essays. Double Question Essays. Full details I commend your good work. You know what? I'm firmly convinced your website and your videos played a strategic role in my preparation. I was able to improve my writing skills thanks to the effective method you provide. I also only relied on your tips regarding the reading section and I was able to get a 9!
Confusing problem and causes questions. Having too many ideas. Not developing your ideas. Not developing both sides of the argument equally. Not linking the problems and solutions. Not being specific enough. Analyse the question Generate ideas Identify vocabulary. Topic words 2. Other keywords 3.
Instruction words. Solution: Car sharing, park-and-ride scheme, congestion charge Improve public transport — more frequent and better quality Improve infrastructure — bus lanes, cycle lanes will make it safer for people to cycle Flexible working hours. Have sentences Be words long Take 5 minutes to write. Paraphrased question: O ne of the most serious issues facing the majority of large urban areas is traffic jams. Outline statement: The main reason for this is that there are too many private cars on the roads these days and a viable solution is to introduce more park-and-ride schemes.
It shows the examiner that you understand the question. It acts as a guide to the examiner as to what your essay is about. It also helps to keep you focused and on track as you write. Main body paragraph 1 — Too many cars on the roads Main body paragraph 2 — Park-and-ride schemes. Topic sentence — outline the main idea Explanation — explain it and g ive more detail Example — give an example.
Topic sentence: The number of people owning cars increases year on year, with most families now having more than one car. Explanation sentence: Most people like the convenience of travelling at the time they want to rather than being restricted to public transport timetables, so they prefer to drive themselves around rather than taking the bus or train. Example sentence: Whenever I have to attend a meeting in the city, I always drive because it means that I can leave home when I want to rather than getting stressed about getting to the station in time to catch the train.
Topic sentence: A solution that is proving successful in many areas is park-and-ride schemes. Explanation sentence: This is where you park your car for free in a large car park on the outskirts of the city and take a bus for the final part of your journey. Neatly end the essay Link all your ideas together Sum up your argument or opinion Answer the question.
In conclusion or To conclude.
|Problem solution essay structure||Please pay it forward. Imagine that you are chatting with a friend over a cup of coffee and they ask you this question. I'm confused and still learning these writing styles any help would be appreciated. You want to have a tone that is reasonable, convincing, appealing, and logical. Answer: Think about the problems that they might have that are different from people in the city. Likewise, in a problem solution essay, you would probably need to begin the essay talking about what different people think the cause of the problem is because you need to explain why you think a particular cause is the most important. Here are some effective ideas:.|
|Problem solution essay structure||Perhaps you can focus on getting jobs, family relationships, education, or access to health care. Answer: You need to make the reader understand the problem clearly by describing it vividly. Audience : Considering the reaction of your reader is very important in writing this paper. Step 4: Once you have your topic, you might want to go through the exercises in my problem solution guide to get ready to write. Step 2: Make a list of problems you have encountered in some of these groups.|
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|David foster wallace tenis essay||Problem — I've missed the last bus home after visiting my friend for the evening. Example: How can we solve the problem of school shootings? This is significant as obesity and poor fitness lead to a decrease in life expectancyand it is therefore important for individuals and governments to work together to tackle this issue and improve their citizens' diet and fitness. Cover letter for modeling sample paragraph has a clear topic sentence. The body argues for your solution and explains:. The first half of the questions relate to the problem or cause, the second half to the solution.|
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|Best bibliography proofreading service for university||Take your time at first and gradually speed up until you can plan and write an essay of at least words in the 40 minutes allowed in the exam. The conclusion is a summary of the main points in your essay and can generally be done in a single sentence. Most important causes the ones which, if solved, would make the biggest dent in solving the problem. Answer: 1. Question: How can I fix this thesis to my problem solution essay? Answer: Start with a description of the problem and then describe your reaction to that problem as you give your solution.|
|Where should i place my thesis statement||Good beginning. What issues does this cause and how can they be addressed? It uses the block structure. Individuals and governments can work together to tackle this problem and so improve diet and fitness. Problem-solution essays are actually a sub-type of another type of essay, which has the following four components:. These simple changes could lead to a significant improvement in fitness levels.|
After that, you write two main body paragraphs: one that speaks about the problems and another that proposes solutions. In the end, you write the conclusion where you repeat what you have already said. Another alternative way to structure this type of essay is to dedicate each main body paragraph to one problem and its solution.
So, for instance, if you have two problems and two solutions to present, you would make one paragraph for problem 1 and solution 1 and another for problem 2 and solution 2. Whatever you choose, remember to write about both problems and solutions! Keep practising! IELTS problem solution essays are the most challenging essay type for many people. The way they are worded can vary hugely which can make it difficult to understand how you should answer the question.
Sometimes, however, you will only be required to write about possible solutions. Want to watch and listen to this lesson? Click on this video. Once you understand the process, practice on past questions. Take your time at first and gradually speed up until you can plan and write an essay of at least words in the 40 minutes allowed in the exam.
They consist of a statement followed by the question or instruction. One problem faced by almost every large city is traffic congestion. What do you think the causes are? What solutions can you suggest? Since the beginning of the 20th century, the number of endangered species has increased significantly and we have witnessed more mass extinctions in this period than in any other period of time. State some reasons for this and provide possible solutions. These are some examples of different ways in which questions can be phrased.
The first half of the questions relate to the problem or cause, the second half to the solution. What issues does this cause and how can they be addressed? What are some resulting social problems and how can we deal with them? What problems arise from this and how can they be tackled? Why is this? How might it be remedied? What are the reasons for this, and how can the situation be improved?
Why is this happening, and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem? And here are a few questions where you only have to write about the solution. How can this situation be improved? What solutions can you suggest to deal with this problem? How can this problem be solved?
What measures could be taken to prevent this? Here are the key words and their synonyms used in the questions above. Before we move on to some common mistakes, I want to quickly explain the difference between a problem and a cause. Read the following examples. Problem — I've missed the last bus home after visiting my friend for the evening.
Cause — I misread the timetable and thought the bus left at It is common for an essay to consist of a list of problems and solutions without any of them being expanded on or linked to each other. Sometimes, a student will focus on just the problem or only the solution which leads to an unbalanced essay. Both these issues will result in a low score for task achievement. You must choose just one or two problems and pick solutions directly linked to them. Explain them and give examples. Another serious error is to write generally about the topic.
You need to be very specific with your ideas. Analysing the question properly is essential to avoiding this mistake. Topic sentence — state the solution Explanation — give detail explaining the solution Example — give an example 4 Conclusion. Most questions will state problems, causes and solutions in the plural, that is, more than one. However, it is acceptable to write about just one.
This will give you an essay of just over the minimum words. What solutions can you sugge st? This is an essential step in the planning process and will ensure that you answer the question fully. You just need to identify 3 different types of words:. Topics words are the ones that identify the general subject of the question and will be found in the statement part of the question. Many people will do this first step of the process and then write about the topic in general. This is a serious mistake and leads to low marks for task achievement.
What we need to do now that we know the general topic, is to understand exactly what aspect of traffic congestion we're being asked to write about. The other keywords in the question tell you the specific topic you must write about. Your essay must only include ideas relevant to these ideas. The instruction words are the question itself. The next task is to generate some ideas to write about.
There are several different ways to think up ideas. This is the method I prefer as it allows you to take a step back from the stress of the exam situation and think more calmly. Imagine that you are chatting with a friend over a cup of coffee and they ask you this question. What are the first thoughts to come into your head? Plan your essay around these ideas. You might want to try this yourself before reading on for my ideas. For each cause you think of, immediately write down a possible solution.
This you will ensure that the problems and solutions you think of are linked. My advice on making your selection is to choose ideas you can quickly think of an example to illustrate. Cause — Too many cars on the roads. Solution — Park-and-ride schemes. During the planning stage, quickly jot down some vocabulary that comes to mind as you decide which cause and solution you are going to write about, especially synonyms of key words.
For example:. Question: One problem faced by almost every large city is traffic congestion. Paraphrased question:. O ne of the most serious issues facing the majority of large urban areas is traffic jams. Note my use of synonyms to replace key words in the question statement. Here they are again. And, this is one way to develop them into an outline sentence. Outline statement:. The main reason for this is that there are too many private cars on the roads these days and a viable solution is to introduce more park-and-ride schemes.
Main body paragraph 1 — Too many cars on the roads. Main body paragraph 2 — Park-and-ride schemes. The topic sentence summarises the main idea of the paragraph. It plays an important role in ensuring that your ideas flow logically from one to another. It does this by acting as a signpost for what is to come next, that is, what the paragraph will be about.
If you maintain a clear development of ideas throughout your essay, you will get high marks for task achievement and cohesion and coherence.